If her friend smokes, her behavior is high in consensus. When we try to explain our own behavior we tend to make external attributions, such as situational or environment features.
Social Desirability: Behaviors low in sociable desirability non conforming lead us to make internal dispositional inferences more than socially undesirable behaviors. The tendency of assigning the cause or responsibility of a certain behavior or action to outside forces rather than international characteristic is called external attribution.
He argues that in trying to discover the causes of behavior people act like scientists. Principles Attribution is a three stage process: 1 behavior is observed, 2 behavior is determined to be deliberate, and 3 behavior is attributed to internal or external causes.
He identified ability, effort, task difficulty, and luck as the most important factors affecting attributions for achievement.
Consistency — the degree to which the actor performs that same behavior toward an object on different occasions.
For example, we attribute the behavior of a person to their personality, motives or beliefs. Consensus If everybody in the audience is laughing, the consensus is high.
Attributions are classified along three causal dimensions: locus of control, stability, and controllability.