Essay on urbanization in india

India must improve the traffic control system to avoid accidents.

causes of urbanization

A density of population of at least persons per square kilometer The first category of urban units are known as Statutory town. While urbanisation has been a mechanism of economic, social and political progress, it can pose serious socio-economic problems.

Problems of urbanization in india

During twelfth plan , the components of JNNURM are :- Urban infrastructure governance UIG Slum rehabilitation in cities not covered under RAY Capacity building The plan has also highlighted the reasons which are acting as hurdles in the success of the program as:- Failure to mainstream the urban planning Incomplete reform and slow progress in project implementation Delay in securing land for projects Delay in getting approval from various regulators Challenges in urban development Institutional challenges Urban Governance 74th amendment act has been implemented half-heartedly by the states, which has not fully empowered the Urban local bodies ULBs. In Class II and Class III towns together, the proportion of urban population remained almost constant at the level of 26 to 28 per cent during the period The mega cities are facing increased criminal activities on account of unchecked migration, illegal settlements and diverse socio-cultural disparities, organized groups, gangsters, professional criminals for wishing a lavish life in metropolis. As a result, people have turned towards personalised modes such as mopeds, scooters, motorcycles, and cars and intermediate public transport modes such as auto-rickshaws, tempos, and taxis. Also the penetration of public transport is less, which make people use private vehicle. Like every coin has two sides, Urbanization has several positive as well as negative effects. OG , etc. This is the trend, which will build a new modern society Gugler Rural people have migrated to cities on account of better employment opportunities. Of the crore Indians, The private sector can increase the efficiency and effectiveness of service delivery. Modern transport and communication. The sustainable development of cities largely depends upon their physical, social and institutional infrastructure. Urbanisation has its impact on all aspects of day-to-day life. As a result, almost all area in the city has been developed and in the worst case scenario, even the green areas are also turned into industrial or business area.

The tempo or speed of urbanisation is not uniform over the years. Tempo of urbanisation refers to speed of urbanisation and is measured as a change registered in the level or degree of urbanisation over the years.

Therefore, it is being driven by economic compulsions where people move out for economic advancements to areas offering better job opportunities.

Essay on migration and urbanisation

These maps should be made available to the public so that they can help the Government to initiate steps for pollution control measures. It is highly accepted notion that urban areas as compared to rural areas have achieved better social, economic and political development. As a result, people have turned towards personalised modes such as mopeds, scooters, motorcycles, and cars and intermediate public transport modes such as auto-rickshaws, tempos, and taxis. Hardly 10 per cent of sewage generated in the country is treated to recycle water. In cities like Mumbai, Bengaluru, etc. It basically aims to provide quality of life to city dwellers by ensuring accessibility and availability of physical infrastructure like transports systems, roads, sewerage systems, garbage handling systems etc. Main causes of Urbanization in India are Industrial revolution, Urbanization for economic development, economic opportunities and infrastructure facilities, development of private sectors, employment opportunities, land fragmentations and better standard of living. The fast urbanisation in combination with industrialisation has resulted in the enlargement of slums.

Wastes putrefy in the open inviting disease carrying flies and rats and a filthy, poisonous liquid, called leachate, which leaks out from below and contaminates ground water. That is why we find that, while the population living in towns increased, that working outside the primary sector did not.

Urbanization is subjected to range of elements such as urban planning, economics, sociology and health care. Rural to urban migration is by far the major component of urbanisation and is the chief mechanism by which urbanisation trends all the world-over has been accomplished After independence, urbanization in India is increasing at very high pace, but at the same time there are some problems, which are becoming barriers for balance, equitable and inclusive development.

urbanisation in india

Some of the chief problems in India due to Urbanization are overpopulation, poverty, environmental degradation, unemployment, transport, sanitation, pollution and so on.

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Urbanisation in India