The main assumptions of the pcmm
Despite the importance of talent, workforce practices in low-maturity organizations are often ad hoc and inconsistent. The concept of workforce competencies implemented in the People CMM differs from the concept of "core competency" popularized by Prahalad and Hamel [Prahalad 90].
P-CMM-related training courses will also be available in Improvements at the individual level should be integrated into improvements in the workgroup's operating process.
Maturity model assessment
Loyalty declines when individuals do not perceive the organization to be a vehicle by which they will achieve their career aspirations. Improvement programs guided by the People CMM are often initiated when an organization faces a talent shortage exacerbated by an inability to attract or retain talented individuals. To use the abilities of competent professionals best, the organization must create an environment that involves people in decisions about their business activities. They often lacked the experience and skill needed to implement sophisticated practices. A P-CMM-based assessment may be conducted by itself, or jointly with some other assessment of the organization, such as an employee opinion assessment or software process assessment. In achieving Maturity Level 4, management senses less risk in empowering workgroups and is willing to delegate increasingly greater levels of authority for managing day-to-day operations and for performing some of their own workforce practices. Once a foundation of basic workforce practices has been established in the units, the next step is for the organization to develop an organization-wide infrastructure building on these practices that ties the capability of the workforce to strategic business objectives. Rather than relying only on the interpersonal coordination skills developed at Maturity Level 2, workgroups can now organize themselves by tailoring and applying standard competency-based processes. At Maturity Level 2, an organization's capability for performing work is best characterized by the capability of units to meet commitments. As a consequence of this attitude, workforce activities such as performance appraisals and job candidate interviews are often performed hastily without adequate preparation. This improvement occurs through both incremental advances in existing workforce practices and adoption of innovative practices and technologies that might be expected to have a dramatic impact. A single person may fill more than one of these roles. Each maturity level provides a layer in the foundation for continuous improvement and equips the organization with increasingly powerful tools for developing the capability of its workforce.
Constant churn in the workforce diminishes its capability. Once workforce competencies are defined, training and development practices can be more systematically focused on developing the knowledge, skills, and process abilities that compose them.
The main assumptions of the pcmm
However, their competency-based work is performed largely in isolation, independent of each other's competency-based processes. Since these workforce competencies are strategic to the business, the organization reinforces their importance by developing and rewarding them. The value of the P-CMM is in the way that organizations use it. This trust enables the organization to preserve the results of performing competency-based processes and develop them as organizational assets to be reused by others. The organization evaluates the impact of workforce practices and activities on the capability of competency-based processes and takes corrective action when necessary. However, in launching People CMM-based improvements, managers must be held accountable for performing basic workforce practices even though their personal methods for performing them may differ. Competency-based processes form a basis for defining workgroup roles and operating processes. In providing guidance, the P-CMM does not specify the explicit workforce practices to be implemented. Keiter, E. Each workforce competency is an element of the workforce architecture, and dependencies among competency-based processes describe how these architectural elements interact. These actions are characteristic of managers who have not been properly prepared for their responsibilities in managing people.
The capability of an organization's business processes is, in part, determined by the extent to which competency communities can translate their collective knowledge, skills, and process abilities into work performance.
Many managers in low-maturity organizations consider workforce activities to be administration-something less than the real work of managers.
Organizational capability maturity model
There are many professional sources that describe specific methods for workforce practices such as performance management, team building, and training. The assessment team determines whether the goals and intent of each key process area have been implemented. Further, the existing experience in the workforce can be organized to accelerate the development of workforce competencies in those with less skill and experience. The capability of an organization's business processes is, in part, determined by the extent to which competency communities can translate their collective knowledge, skills, and process abilities into work performance. Mediocre performance and high turnover are typical when organizations provide few financial or career incentives for individuals to align themselves with the organization's business objectives. Graduated career opportunities are defined around increasing levels of capability in workforce competencies. Individuals and workgroups should be provided with the business and performance information needed to make competent decisions. To define the process abilities incorporated in each workforce competency, the organization defines the competency-based processes that an individual in each workforce competency would be expected to perform in accomplishing his or her committed work. Focusing at the unit level first also establishes a foundation in managing performance that can be enhanced with more sophisticated practices at higher levels.
It is difficult to implement organization-wide practices if managers are not performing the basic workforce practices required to manage their units. When a P-CMM-based assessment is conducted jointly with a software process assessment, data for the P-CMM-based assessment should be gathered separately, since the unit of study is not a project, as it is during a software process assessment.
When the processes to be performed by each workforce competency are defined, the organization has a new foundation for developing workgroups.
based on 49 review