However, though urbanization provides great convenience to some individuals, it also brings about negative effects. In the last 20 years, seven out of ten cities in the world have grown more unequal, even in traditionally more egalitarian nations, with income and wealth increasingly concentrated.
Urbanisation constitutes a transformative force, with cities becoming a positive and potent force for addressing sustainable economic growth, development and prosperity, and for driving innovation, consumption and investment in both developed and developing countries.
As war ended ina significant number of people move to the city because they want to improve life. Secondly, new and additional employment opportunities are created in the urban areas in its newly expanding manufacturing and service sector units.
Slums are urban areas that are heavily populated and have sub-standard housing with very poor living conditions, creating several problems. Increasing population in urban areas is causing traffic jam. Residential densities are drastically reducing — from toresidential densities declined worldwide by 40 per cent.
It also requires effective spatial planning and management, including the use of territorial approaches, a sound regulatory framework, a clear city vision and strong leadership. The Industrial Revolution and the subsequent shift from agricultural jobs to factory jobs made it profitable for companies to locate their factories in large cities with plenty of local workers.
This definition was as follows: a All places with a municipality, corporation, cantonment board or notified town area committee etc. People are driven out of rural poverty and into urban areas as they are less able to care for their growing families; cities offer employment, food, shelter and education.
Rural to urban migration can be a selective process, as some types of people are more likely to move than others. Growing inequality Cities are developing and providing benefits, goods and services to many inhabitants. Some areas emerge as a large urbanised centre with large scale industrial and trading activities.